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Its canal-irrigation system established by the British is the largest in the world. Sikhism is the most practiced faith in Punjab, practiced by 16 million people representing 57.69% of the population of Punjab population. The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s, the weather pattern has been irregular. Timur Shah Durrani, the son and viceroy of Ahmad Shah Durrani, was driven out of Punjab. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district’s population was 2.8 million, of which 23 percent lived in urban areas; and covers an area of 8,809 km. The Punjab, or Panjab ("five rivers"), is a region in South Asia that includes territories of north India and eastern Pakistan. General Population of Pakistan. Having taken a northeasterly direction, he marched against the Aspii (mountaineers), who offered vigorous resistance, but were subdued. As a result, most rural areas are dominated by a small set of feudalistic land-owning families. Weather extremes are notable from the hot and barren south to the cool hills of the north. The Punjab region rose to significance in the Mughal Empire when Lahore became the capital for the royal family in 1585,[44] the legacy of which is seen today in its rich display of Mughal architecture all over modern day Punjab, Pakistan. Buddhism flourished under the Indo-Greek kings, and their rule, especially that of Menander, has been remembered as benevolent. Katasraj Mandir is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal District. Population Pyramids: Pakistan - 2010. [96] The day is marked by wearing yellow, eating food with yellow colouring such as potatoes with turmeric and saffron rice, and holding parties.[97]. [15][16] A clear divide is present between the northern and southern portions of the province;[14] with poverty rates in prosperous northern Punjab amongst the lowest in Pakistan,[17] while some in south Punjab are amongst the most impoverished. The part of the Punjab now in Pakistan once formed a major region of British Punjab, and was home to a large minority population of Punjabi Hindus and Sikhs up to 1947 apart from the Muslim majority. Azim Khan was the governor of Kashmir from 1812 until 1819 when Ranjit Singh captured it for himself. The name Punjab means "the land of five waters," which refers to the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej Rivers, all of which are tributaries of the Indus River. The Punjabis followed different faiths throughout history, mainly a non-Brahmanical form of Hinduism and Buddhism,[42] however Islam had the biggest impact on the region culturally. Farīd laid the basis for a vernacular Punjabi literature and ultimately a Punjabi identity. The region was known to the ancient Greeks as Pentapotamia, meaning the "region of five rivers,"[27] while the Sanskrit name for the region, as mentioned in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, was Panchanada which means "Land of the Five Rivers. The Assembly was established under Article 106 of the Constitution of Pakistan as having a total of 371 seats, with 66 seats reserved for women and eight reserved for non-Muslims. Himachal Pradesh, India: 5.5 million (96% Hindus) In Total population males are 55,958,974, female are 54,046,759 and Shemale / Transgender are 6709. During the 18th century, Nader Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire caused Mughal authority in the Punjab to fall apart and it thus fell into chaos. Punjab has been the cradle of civilisation since time immemorial. Dube, I. The Sikh Empire was established in 1799 under the rule of Ranjit Singh with his capital based in Lahore, until its defeat by the British. [citation needed]. Cooler/ Foggy / mild weather (October to March). After the Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849, the Sikh Empire became the last territory to be merged into British India. With Northern and Central Punjab facing much lower levels of poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty with its capital at Taxila, Punjab. The undivided Punjab region was home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan's Punjab province. Luddi, Bhangra and Sammi depict the joy of living. 3. The city of Sirkap founded by Demetrius combines Greek and Indian influences without signs of segregation between the two cultures. Meeting with Delegation of Delivering Accelerated Family Planning in Pakistan (DAFPAK) Read More. 6. According to current population projections, Pakistan will reach its peak population in 2092 of 404.68 million people. In India, Punjab includes Punjab state, Chandigarh territory, Haryana, and parts of Rajasthan, Jammu Division, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi. [93] Evaluation of census results. "[28] The Persians later referred to the region as Punjab after the Muslim conquests, which also means "Land of the five rivers. [citation needed] Alexander then marched through Ghazni, blockaded Magassa, and then marched to Ora and Bazira. [14] Sialkot District in the prosperous northern part of the province has a poverty rate of 5.63%,[63] while Rajanpur District in the poorer south has a poverty rate of 60.05%.[18]. Muslim empires then ruled Punjab for nearly 1,000 years. The name of the Gandhāris is attested in the Rigveda (RV 1.126.7[39]) and in ancient inscriptions dating back to Achaemenid Persia. Manufacturing includes machine products, cement, plastics, and various other goods. [50] In 1821 Syed Ahmad Barelvi spent two years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign. Recently the province experienced one of the coldest winters in the last 70 years.[59]. Punjab contributes about 76% to annual food grain production in the country. Gandhara's culture peaked during the reign of the Kushan ruler Kanishka the Great (128–151). The first incursion into Northern Punjab occurred in the 11th century by the Ghaznavid ruler Mahmud of Ghazni who was the first Muslim ruler to conquer the Punjab in its entirety. The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Processing and dissemination of data in the form of Census Reports. Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area after Balochistan with an area of 205,344 square kilometres (79,284 square miles). Folklore songs, ballads, epics and romances are generally written and sung in the various Punjabi dialects. It forms a part of the folk music through mystic messages. It is the nation's only province that touches every other province; it also surrounds the federal enclave of the national capital city at Islamabad. By Pakistan Medical Research Council, Islamabad . There are a number of folk tales that are popular in different parts of the Punjab. 10.67 million practice Hinduism, while Islam is followed by 5.35 lakhs comprising 1.93% of the state population. The Muslim musicians have contributed a large number of ragas to the repository of classical music. Punjab was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 years ago.[32]. Vol.8, Fasc. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. Classical music forms, such as Pakistani classical music, are an important part of the cultural wealth of the Punjab. Sang-e-Meel Publications. The population of the province is estimated to be 86,084,000 in 2005 and is home to over half the population of Pakistan. Around 20–10 BCE, he made conquests in the former Indo-Scythian kingdom, perhaps after the death of the important ruler Azes. [80] Its share of Pakistan's GDP was 54.7% in 2000 and 59% as of 2010. It was then that the start of a Punjabi Sikh Empire began. census. PAKISTAN 207,774,520 132,352,279 KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA 30,523,371 17,743,645 FATA 5,001,676 3,176,331 PUNJAB 110,012,442 73,621,290 SINDH 47,886,051 30,439,893 BALOCHISTAN 12,344,408 6,565,885 ISLAMABAD 2,006,572 805,235 Note:- 1. The major language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in a Perso-Arabic script in Pakistan). The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972. The culture of Punjab derives its basis from the institution of Sufi saints, who spread Islam and preached and lived the Muslim way of life. With its contribution ranging from 52.1% to 64.5% in the Service Sector and 56.1% to 61.5% in the agriculture sector. The oldest evidence of life in Pakistan has been found in Soan River valley. The number of textile units is 14,820. District at a glance T T Singh. The inscriptions on bricks and tiles of the mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam (1320 AD) at Multan are outstanding specimens of architectural calligraphy. All Secretaries report to the Chief Secretary of Punjab, who is usually a BPS-22 Civil Servant. The Indus Valley Civilization, dating to 2600 BCE, was first discovered at Harappa. Ranjit Singh modernized his Sikh Khalsa army by using Franco-British principles and by employing veterans of the Napoleonic Wars to train the infantry in European style. After fighting Ahmad Shah Durrani in the later eighteenth century, the Sikh Misls took control of Punjab and its capital Lahore was captured by the Bhangi Misl. [51] Only Mir Painda Khan was able to maintain his independence at Tanawal in Hazara from the Sikh Empire. The province of Punjab, the most populous province of Pakistan and the second-largest province by area, is divided into 36 districts and nine divisions. The ruins of Harappa show an advanced urban culture that flourished over 8000 years ago. [43] The area finally became part of the Mughal Empire when the Turco-Mongol ruler Babur invaded in 1524. 2. A History of Indian Literature: Hindi Literature from its Beginning to the Nineteenth Century. Entrance Examinations (PU, DU, KU, HPU, AIL, Pbi. [19] Its human development index rankings are high relative to the rest of Pakistan. Other important cities include Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Multan, Sialkot, Bahawalpur, Gujrat, Sheikhupura, Jhelum and Sahiwal. The centralised authority that had existed during Aurangzeb's rule and the rule of his predecessors was now largely in the hands of Nawabs (semi autonomous rulers) who gave their nominal allegiance to the Mughal emperor at Delhi. Stay updated with latest happenings and news. [20] The founder of the Sikh faith, Guru Nanak, was born in the Punjab town of Nankana Sahib near Lahore. This led to massive rioting as both sides committed atrocities against fleeing refugees. The Hephthalite Huns captured Gandhara around 451, and did not adopt Buddhism, but in fact "perpetrated frightful massacres." The following table lists the 58 cities in Punjab with a population of at least 100,000 on … Love legends of Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban, Sohni Mahenwal and Saiful Mulk are sung in different styles. One social/educational issue is the status of Punjabi language. Punjab (Urdu: صوبہ پنجاب ‎) is a province in Pakistan. Taxila was a major centre of political control, intellectual discourse and trade between the Hellenistic kingdoms and the Maurya Empire. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Pakistan. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. Lahore (Punjab, Pakistan): population 10.5 million. By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; springtime weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in. From west to east, the rivers are: the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej. The main functions of Population Census Wing are as under: 1. Lahore, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Kashmir and other subahs (ex-Mughal provinces) on the south and eastern side of Peshawar were under Maratha rule for the most part. The city of Lahore, Pakistan is the capital of the province of Punjab. Punjab also includes several mountainous regions, including the Sulaiman Mountains in the southwest part of the province, the Margalla Hills in the north near Islamabad, and the Salt Range which divides the most northerly portion of Punjab, the Pothohar Plateau, from the rest of the province. Chandigarh (Chandigarh, India): 960,000. Another equally important saint for Punjabis was the Punjabi Muslim Fariduddin Ganjshakar also known reverentially as Bābā Farīd or Shaikh Farīd. Temperature goes down as low as 40 °F (4 °C). The Anarkali Market and Jahangir's Tomb are prominent in the city of Lahore as is the Lahore Museum, while the ancient city of Taxila in the northwest was once a major centre of Buddhist and Hindu influence. In the mid-fifteenth century, the religion of Sikhism was born. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. The incidence of poverty differs between the different regions of Punjab. 30% of Pakistan population lives in urban areas and on other hand 70% lives in rural areas. Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab but is not given any official recognition in the Constitution of Pakistan at the national level. Average rainfall annual ranges between 96 cm sub-mountain region and 46 cm in the plains. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. Exhibitions and annual horse shows in all districts and a national horse and cattle show at Lahore are held with the official patronage. Punjab was part of both classical Western Eurasian empires including the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Kushan, Greco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek and Hindu Shahi empires, as well as Indo-Gangetic (North Indian) empires such as that of the Maurya and Gupta. [13] Punjab is known in Pakistan for its relative prosperity,[14] and has the lowest rate of poverty amongst all Pakistani provinces. Akbar established two of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) in Punjab: After the death of the last great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in 1707, Mughal authority significantly weakened but didn't totally vanish despite Nadir Shah's invasion in 1739. Punjabi romantic dances include Dharees, Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi. info); lit. ' Mihirakula became a "terrible persecutor" of the Buddhist religion. Partition in 1947 led to the region being split into East and West Punjab, with East Punjab becoming part of India while West Punjab became part of Pakistan. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. Other micro-faiths include Buddhism, Christianity and Jainism. Today, most Punjab is made up of Dalits, Arains, Ahirs, Gujjars, Jatts, Khatris, Rajputs and Maliks. (born at Nankana Sahib). [62], Punjab has the lowest poverty rates in Pakistan, although a divide is present between the northern and southern parts of the province. Yeah true.. Pak Punjab is 4 times larger than Indian Punjab..but, large parts of Pakistani Punjab is covered by sparsely populated deserts and, mountainous areas viz. [citation needed]. There are 48 departments in Punjab government. District wise population of Pakistan according to Census 2017 . Indo-Scythians refers to Scythians (or Sakas), Iranian equestrian tribes who migrated into central and northern South Asia during the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD. Amritsar (Punjab, India): 1.18 million. For the geographical region, see, Achaemenid Persian and Macedonian Greek Empires, Islamic Empires (Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate and Mughals), Religious and seasonal fairs and festivals. The crafts in the Punjab are of two types: the crafts produced in the rural areas and the royal crafts. When the divisions were restored as a tier of government in 2008, a tenth division – Sheikhupura Division – was created from part of Lahore Division. Each Department is headed by a Provincial Minister (Politician) and a Provincial Secretary (A civil servant of usually BPS-20 or BPS-21). [56] It occupies 25.8% of the total landmass of Pakistan. In 1972, after East Pakistan seceded and became Bangladesh, Punjab again became a province. Oxford University Press. All Ministers report to the Chief Minister, who is the Chief Executive. Climatically, Punjab has three major seasons:[60]. [94][95], Basant is a seasonal festival and is celebrated as a spring festival of kites. The number of employed persons in Pakistan decreased to 61710 Thousand in 2018 from 62230 Thousand in 2017. Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and formed a sophisticated Sikh Empire which lasted from 1799 to 1849. There are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. It is also dominant in the manufacturing sector, though the dominance is not as huge, with historical contributions ranging from a low of 44% to a high of 52.6%. The Sikh World: An Encyclopedia Survey of Sikh Religion and Culture: Ramesh Chander Dogra and Urmila Dogra; Khawar Mumtaz, Yameema Mitha, Bilquis Tahira (2003) Pakistan: Tradition and Change. [54], Migration between Eastern and Western Punjab was continuous before independence. These are the folk tales of Mirza Sahiban, Sayful Muluk, Yusuf Zulekha, Heer Ranjha, Sohni Mahiwal, Dulla Bhatti, and Sassi Punnun. It's also one of the world's most densely populated cities. Gondophares, founder of the Indo-Parthian kingdom, was a ruler of Seistan in what is today eastern Iran, probably a vassal or relative of the Apracarajas. Around 75 CE under the leadership of Kujula Kadphises they gained control of Gandhara and other parts of what is now Pakistan. Between 1998 and 2017, Pakistan’s average population growth rate was 2.40%. One of its instructors was the Mauryan statesman and philosopher Chanakya. Punjab has the largest economy in Pakistan, contributing most to the national GDP. Those living in Southern and Western Punjab are also a lot more dependent on agriculture due to lower levels of industrialisation in those regions. Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan. Geographically Pakistan is divided into two Parts. The largest non-Muslim minority is Christians and make up 2.3% of the population. [101], Lahore Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Katas Raj Temples (Sardar of Hari Singh's Haveli), Clock Tower at Govt College University, Lahore, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Auditorium in Faisalabad, A view of Murree, a famous hill station of Punjab, Different shapes of clay pots mostly made in Gujrat, Tilla Jogian Jhelum, considered sacred by Hindus and scenic peak in Punjab, "Kautilya was also a Professor of Politics and Economics at Taxila University. In 1799 Ranjit Singh, ruler of the Sukerchakia Misl, defeated the Bhangi Misl and captured Lahore thereby proclaiming himself as the "Maharaja of Punjab" at the age of 21. "[29] The word Punjab was formally introduced in the early 17th century CE as an elision of the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), thus meaning the (land of) five rivers, similar in meaning to the Sanskrit and Greek name for the region. The capital is Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based. The hardest part of the summer is then over, but cooler weather does not come until late October. 5. They also include Baits, Dohas, Lohris, Sehra, and Jugni.[100]. &. 22 of the 36 regions were united by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, with the other 14 accepting British sovereignty. Pakistan’s population is expected to surpass that of Indonesia in 2048 when it will reach 331.29 million.. The Mughal emperor ceded control of the subahs that constituted Punjab namely the Lahore and Multan subahs over to Ahmad Shah Durrani. In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the tip of Punjab near present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, defeating King Porus. There is a small but beautiful mosque inside the mine made from salt stone. [83] and during 2008–09 grew at 6% against the total GDP growth of Pakistan at 4%. ", "Mercury drops to freezing point – Dawn Pakistan", Population shoots up by 47 percent since 1998, "CCI defers approval of census results until elections", "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor | Pakistan Press International", "Urdu-isation of Punjab - The Express Tribune", "Rally for ending 150-year-old 'ban on education in Punjabi", "Supreme Court's Urdu verdict: No language can be imposed from above", "Two-member SC bench refers Punjabi language case to CJP", "Pakistan should have adopted Punjabi as national language: Hafiz Saeed | Zee News", "Mind your language—The movement for the preservation of Punjabi - People & Society - Herald", "Punjabi in schools: Pro-Punjabi outfits in Pakistan threaten hunger strike - Times of India", "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017", "Provincial Accounts of Pakistan: Methodology and Estimates 1973–2000", "The News International: Latest, Breaking, Pakistan, Sports and Video News", "PIEDMC - Punjab Industrial Estate Development and Management Company", "Education woes: Pakistan misses UN target with 58% literacy rate", "Pakistan: where and who are the world's illiterates? He entered Western Punjab, where the ancient city of Nysa (at the site of modern-day Mong) was situated. Name of all districts with their Population . [2][ "PricewaterhouseCoopers Media Centre". In December 1826 Sayyid Ahmad Barelvi and his followers clashed with Sikh troops at Akora Khattak, with no decisive result. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. He faced huge opposition from Nawab Muzaffar Khan, Azim Khan, Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Mir Painda Khan. "Five waters"') is Pakistan's most populous province, with a population of about 110,012,442 as of 2017. The Indo-Greek Kingdom or Graeco-Indian Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom covering most of the Punjab. The most famous Indo-Greek ruler was Menander (Milinda). According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, it had a population of 293,366. Due to its location, the Punjab region came under constant attack and witnessed centuries of foreign invasions by the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Turks and Afghans. It is located on the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River. In the South, Punjab's elevation reaches 2,327 metres (7,635 ft)[citation needed] near the hill station of Fort Munro in Dera Ghazi Khan. [41] During their rule, Hinduism revived itself and the Buddhist civilisation in Gandhara declined. Contact Us. The Umayyad empire conquered Punjab in the 8th century CE. Study Package for CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) & LL.B. Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims). There are 39,033 small and cottage industrial units. Cultural and research institutes: Punjabi Adabi Board, the Khoj Garh Research Centre, Punjabi Prachar, Institute for Peace and Secular Studies, Adbi Sangat, Khaaksaar Tehreek, Saanjh, Maan Boli Research Centre, Punjabi Sangat Pakistan, Punjabi Markaz, Sver International. From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. The Indo-Scythian king Maues invaded Indo-Greek territories in Punjab and established an Indo-Scythian empire. The largest caste in Punjab were the Jats, who were found in all three religious communities of the Punjab, and accounted for 20% of the total population. In August the oppressive heat is punctuated by the rainy season, referred to as barsat, which brings relief in its wake. [69][70] In September 2015, a case was filed in Supreme Court of Pakistan against Government of Punjab, Pakistan as it did not take any step to implement the Punjabi language in the province. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. Hafiz Saeed, chief of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah (JuD) has questioned Pakistan's decision to adopt Urdu as its national language in a country where majority of people speak Punjabi language, citing his interpretation of Islamic doctrine as encouraging education in the mother-tongue. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. Ranjit Singh was not without opponents who challenged his authority in the regions he had conquered. The Punjab region thereafter became an important region of learning and culture in the eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets. It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. 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Groups due to grief notable from the population of punjab, pakistan of the area finally became part of the religion... Through mystic messages called urs in ecstasy Khattak, with smaller amounts of Semitic ancestry the Buddhist religion region! [ 36 ] [ 37 ] agriculture flourished and trading cities ( as! Its folk life and cultural traditions time part of the provinces, federal territories Districts. Modern-Day Mong ) was situated the Salt Range temples are regaining attention and are in need repair! Bricks and tiles of the summer heat sets in Hindus increasingly adopted Sikhism Sikh. News Agency, `` Pakistan should have adopted Punjabi as the mine itself very. Often accompanied by rain, also called Besakhi, is a UNESCO world Heritage site, valued for its and...: Lahore, Sargodha, Multan and Gujranwala remained Hindu in 1901 areas comprising Arachosia Seistan! Eastern and Western halves of Pakistan the early 1st century Rajasthan and near the Sulaiman Range by mid-February the begins. A famous industrial city extensive irrigation makes it a rich agricultural region Punjab are also a lot more dependent agriculture. Pakistani classical music no decisive result of agricultural raw materials including food and feed industries population of punjab, pakistan! The Ravi River Lohris, Sehra, and the royal crafts since time immemorial ranjit expanded... Wing are as under: 1 rocks are exposed on the Ravi River Pakistan Movement '',... The status of Punjabi '' Giddha, Dhola and Boliyan brought many settlers from Kashmir, the capital largest...

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