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Contributed by Brian Matthew Jordan. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! 6th May » American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville ends with the defeat of the Army of the Potomac by Confederate troops. Feb 27 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties) Feb 27 Near Andersonville, Georgia, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter". The photographs follow Butler's lines from south to north, and then, after the evacuation of Richmond, record the Confederate defenses on the James. He sought to move this army against Lee in northern Virginia while Sherman marched against Johnston and Atlanta. The Petersburg Campaign gave the photographers full opportunity to build a superb corpus of documentation, completed when they were able to enter the town and its defenses in the first days of April. Pulling away from the Wilderness battlefield, Grant tried to hasten southeastward to the crossroads point of Spotsylvania Court House, only to have the Confederates get there first. The committee also vigorously investigated war profiteering, the treatment of federal prisoners in the Confederacy, and the horrific massacre of black federal troops at Fort Pillow, in 1864. Grant won by steadily extending his lines westward, but the photographers do not seem to have ventured very far from City Point. At Spotsylvania Court House, he fought for five days, vowing to fight all summer if necessary. Grant attacked on June 15 and 18, hoping to break through before Lee could consolidate the Confederate lines east of the city, but he was contained with 8,150 losses. McClellan, who commanded the Union Army at the outset of the Civil War, declared his candidacy for president in 1864, running as a Democrat while on active duty. Hunley, a seven-man submergible craft, attacked the USS Houstonic outside of Charleston, South Carolina. But several blunders by Federal officers, swift action by Beauregard, and Lee’s belated though rapid reaction enabled the Confederates to hold Petersburg. He succumbs to pneumonia eight days later. Union soldiers in trenches, Petersburg, Virginia, 1864. In savage action (May 8–19), including hand-to-hand fighting at the famous “Bloody Angle,” Grant, although gaining a little ground, was essentially thrown back. United States presidential election of 1864, American presidential election held on Nov. 8, 1864, in which Republican Pres. The photographs depict only uneventful garrison life toward the end of 1864. Overview of the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5–7, 1864) during the American Civil War. Finally, at Cold Harbor, just northeast of Richmond, Grant launched several heavy attacks, including a frontal, nearly suicidal one on June 3, only to be repelled with grievous total losses of 12,737. This operation was ordered on December 24, and General William B. Hazen [2d Division, 15th Corps] and Major Thomas W. Osborn, chief of artillery, completed the task by December 29, storing the guns at Fort Pulaski. The Democratic party chose General George B. McClellan for president, and George Pendleton for vice-president. At least 65,000 Texans served in the war, more than … Sheridan won a … The Battle of Antietam, which began on September 17, 1862 and ended the next day, was the bloodiest day of battle in the Civil War. Although Lee suffered fewer casualties, his army never recovered from Grant's continual attacks. Desertion plagued Georgia regiments during the Civil War (1861-65) and, in addition to other factors, debilitated the Confederate war effort. Early got within five miles of Washington, D.C., but on July 13, he was driven back to Virginia. Sherman in Atlanta—September-November, 1864 After three and a half months of incessant maneuvering and much hard fighting, Sherman forced Hood to abandon Atlanta, the munitions center of the Confederacy. Atlanta Campaign: September 4, 1864: John Hunt Morgan is shot dead by federal troops fleeing the home of a woman who had betrayed him (Greenville, Tennessee) Tennessee Lee inflicted more casualties on the Union forces than his own army incurred, but unlike Grant, he had no replacements. Hood encircled there. The economy continued to suffer during 1864 as Union armies battered Confederate troops in the eastern and western theaters. General Benjamin F. Butler's command was in the vacinity of Petersburg as early as May 11, missing its opportunity to capture this vital railroad center; but the photographs are all from the later days when Butler was holding a fortified line on both sides of the James and extending nothward as far as the Market or River Road running into Richmond. The enlistment of black soldiers in the … This was Lee's last clear victory of the war. Grant hoped to take Petersburg, below Richmond, and then approach the Confederate capital from the south. In an effort to placate the slave-holding border states, … Some photographs date from December 1863. 9 April 1864: Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana NOW 50% OFF! Contributed by Jonathan A. Noyalas. Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) and Antietam, Conscription and the New York City draft riot, Sherman’s Georgia campaigns and total war, The cost and significance of the Civil War. September 1, 1864: Confederates begin the evacuation of Atlanta: Georgia : Atlanta Campaign: September 2, 1864: Fall of Atlanta. Civil War Glass Negatives and Related Prints. 2nd May » American Civil War: Stonewall Jackson is wounded by friendly fire while returning to camp after reconnoitering during the Battle of Chancellorsville. (See Grant's Wilderness Campaign). 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